Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez
|Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments|
Cardinal Medina in 2011
|Predecessor||Jean Jérôme Hamer, OP|
|Other posts||Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (1998–2002) |
Bishop of Valparaíso, Chile (1993–1996)
Bishop of Rancagua, Chile (1987–1993)
Titular Bishop of Thibilis (1984–1987)
Auxiliary Bishop of Rancagua, Chile (1984–1987)
|Ordination||12 June 1954|
by Pio Alberto Fariña Fariña
|Consecration||6 January 1985|
by Pope John Paul II
|Created cardinal||21 February 1998|
|Birth name||Jorge Arturo Augustin Medina Estévez|
|Born|| (1926-12-23) 23 December 1926|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Catholic University of Chile|
|Coat of arms|
Jorge Arturo Agustín Medina Estévez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxoɾxe meˈðina]; born 23 December 1926) is a Chilean Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Cardinal Protodeacon until 23 February 2007. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 1996 to 2002.
Early life and ordination
Medina was born in Santiago in 1926, and studied at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (where he received a baccalaureate in the arts and biology) and the Major Seminary of Santiago. He was ordained a priest on 12 June 1954, by Bishop Pio Fariña Fariña, the vicar general and an auxiliary bishop of Santiago.
Earning a doctorate in theology in 1955, Medina taught philosophy and theology at the Major Seminary of Santiago and of the Pontifical Catholic University, respectively until 1965. He also served as a dean of the university, and as a peritus at the Second Vatican Council; for the latter he later received an honoris causa doctorate from the University of Notre Dame in 1996.
Pro-Grand Chancellor of the Catholic University from 1974 to 1985, he was named titular bishop of Thibilis and auxiliary bishop of Rancagua on 18 December 1984. Medina was consecrated to the episcopate on 6 January 1985, by Pope John Paul II himself, with Cardinals Eduardo Martínez Somalo and Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy acting as co-consecrators. He was made Bishop of Rancagua on 25 November 1987, and then Bishop of Valparaíso on 16 April 1993. He was appointed Pro-Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments on 21 June 1996.
Medina was created a Cardinal-Deacon in the consistory of 21 February 1998, with the title of San Saba. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 23 February 1998, until his retirement on 1 October 2002.
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Medina was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave. Following the conclusion of the conclave, as Cardinal Protodeacon (the senior-most cardinal deacon), he announced to the world the election of Pope Benedict XVI. He was the first non-Italian to do so in centuries and the first Latin American. As protodeacon, Medina imposed the pallium on Pope Benedict XVI and was one of the three cardinals who made the public act of obedience to the new pope at the papal inauguration.
In retirement he returned to Chile in order to work as a parish priest.
In December 2008, at a Mass marking the second anniversary of the death of Augusto Pinochet, Medina condemned pop musician Madonna, who was appearing in Santiago. He said "The atmosphere in our city is pretty agitated because this woman is visiting and with incredibly shameful behavior provokes a wild and lustful enthusiasm."
Sexual abuse of minors by priests
Regarding the prominent 80-year-old priest Fernando Karadima, whom in January 2011 the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, finding him guilty of having sexually abused minors, ordered to retire to a life of prayer and penitence and never to exercise the priesthood in public again, and who was then accused under Chilean civil law of sexual abuse of minors, Medina doubted that he would be sent to prison, since homosexual activity was not a crime in Chilean civil law and use of the term "sexual abuse" could be questioned: "With all due respect to the laws of my country, a child of 8 or 9 is very different from a 17-year-old ... A 17-year-old youngster knows what he is doing." He also remarked that priests are not immune from the devil's works: "Any informed Christian knows we are prone to weakness because of our human fragility. The devil gets in where he can. Priests are not immune from his snares." He defended the canonical sanctions imposed on Karadima as being the heaviest that could be imposed short of laicization, and as having taken into account Karadima's age and merits.
One of Karadima's accusers called the cardinal's remark about 17-year-olds "an unwarranted attack". Another added that it was an attack not only on those who had denounced Karadima, but on all who were honestly looking for truth and justice for their lives. He regarded Medina's statements as "extremely suspicious, as if he wanted to diminish the outline of these grave actions, reducing the issue to homosexuality in a very silly manner, as if, furthermore, homosexuality and abuse were synonymous". The statements, he said, "were an attempt to free from responsibility someone who took advantage of his position of power over more vulnerable persons".